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Police Officer Candidates – All Jurisdictions (Nationally) – Entry-Level Law Enforcement Exam Preparation 2018-01-30T04:44:17-05:00

Preparation to achieve a TOP SCORE is available for ANY law enforcement exam! Complete the below CONTACT form now to submit an inquiry.

CCS Test Prep®

Entry-Level Police Officer

Written Exam Preparation

All Jurisdictions throughout the United States

For information regarding the exam preparation services provided by Critical Concepts and Strategies (CCS Test Prep®), please utilize the form below to submit an inquiry.

Jurisdictions throughout the United States rely on national testing vendors to develop validated exams that are approved by the courts for use as selection instruments for entry-level law enforcement positions. Whether for a small town or a large city, the same exams are commonly used throughout the country. There are several very prominent companies which have received United States Department of Justice (USDOJ – Civil Rights Division) recommendation and are widely utilized throughout the country. These companies include but are not limited to the following: I/O Solutions (IOS); EB Jacobs; PSI; IPMA – Public Safety Compass; Morris and McDaniels; McCann Associates; and many more. While many of the components of each exam type are substantially similar, there are tremendous differences as well. Each exam is a multi-factor psychometric instrument which has been the focus of Dr. Paprota’s educational research over the past 25 years.   

Ideal and highly qualified candidates commonly take these competitive examinations over and over without achieving adequate results and find themselves “out of the running” in one selection process after the next. That negative cycle can stop with some hard work and proper preparation. The definition of “insanity” has often been said to be “doing the same thing over and over and expecting a different outcome.” Many candidates, after months and even years of frustration, have quickly realized the benefits of proper exam preparation through CCS Test Prep® under the direct guidance of Dr. David A. Paprota (Chief of Police, Ret.).

Regardless of in which state or jurisdiction you anticipate testing, contact Dr. David A. Paprota via the contact form below to discuss exam preparation options.

Dr. David A. Paprota will personally respond to your inquiry within 72 hours. 





Dr. David A. Paprota, Ed.D.

Founder of Critical Concepts & Strategies (CCS Test Prep®)

Round Border Uniformed Headshot w NameAs the premier entry-level law enforcement exam preparation company, Critical Concepts & Strategies (CCS Test Prep®) was founded by Dr. David A. Paprota to provide entry-level law enforcement candidates with the most effective exam preparation training possible. Dr. Paprota served as a chief of police with over 27 years of law enforcement experience and formally retired from law enforcement in August of 2016. Dr. Paprota has over 25 years of formal experience training candidates for the sophisticated, multi-factor psychometric examinations used for entry-level law enforcement. His formal research and education at Seton Hall University specifically focused on multi-factor psychometric testing which is the form of testing utilized in entry-level law enforcement. Dr. Paprota’s formal educational credentials, experience in exam preparation, and success in training law enforcement candidates are unmatched in the exam preparation industry.

As the Executive Director of CCS Test Prep®, Dr. Paprota ensures that only the most effective educational techniques and materials are utilized in the entry-level law enforcement exam preparation program. Only the most respected and credentialed instructors are permitted to teach a CCS Test Prep® course along side Dr. Paprota.

Dr. Paprota has personally trained over 17,000 law enforcement candidates and incumbents in over the past 25 years.

CCS Test Prep® utilizes the most contemporary and sophisticated technology to enhance the learning experience of each student. Exams are formally scored utilizing sophisticated Scantron scoring equipment and a proprietary software-based scoring system developed by Dr. Paprota. This allows for the production of an individualized scoring report for each student. CCS Test Prep® students receive an individualized scoring report for both a Preliminary Diagnostic Examination administered at the beginning of the program as well as for the formal, Final Examination administered at the conclusion of the program. As a result, each student is keenly aware of his or her strengths and weaknesses to better guide the student’s studies as he or she prepares for the actual examination. This important aspect of the course further enhances the learning experience provided through the well-developed instruction, visual presentations, very focused course materials, and practice examinations.

Dr. David A. Paprota, Ed.D.

Chief of Police (Ret.)

Biographical Information

Dr. David A. Paprota began his law enforcement career in 1989 working as a special officer with the Beach Haven Police Department in New Jersey. He attended the Ocean County Police Academy, Class #54, in 1990 where he graduated #1 overall in his class. He joined the Tinton Falls Police Department in 1991 after finishing #1 on both the written and the physical open-competitive examinations. He transferred to the Lacey Township Police Department in 1992.

Shoulder Patch Honor GuardDr. Paprota was promoted to Sergeant in 1998 after achieving the highest exam score in the State of New Jersey. He was then promoted to Lieutenant in 2001 after again achieving the highest exam score in the State of New Jersey. Likewise, after achieving the highest exam score in the State of New Jersey, he was promoted to the rank of Captain in 2005. With the exam process being “waived” by the civil service commission and the municipality, Dr. Paprota was ultimately promoted to the rank of Chief of Police in March of 2013.

Chief Paprota earned a Doctoral Degree, Ed.D., from Seton Hall University in 2012; a post-graduate Educational Specialist Degree, Ed.S., from Seton Hall University in 2008; a Master of Arts Degree, M.A., in Supervision and Administration from Seton Hall University in 1999; and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Criminal Justice in 1996. Dr. Paprota is a graduate of the West Point Command and Leadership Program; he is a Certified Public Manager (CPM) through Fairleigh Dickinson University; and a member of Mensa as well as the National Honor Society. He is a published author and has produced a number of police training manuals.

Dr. Paprota has distinguished himself in the world of testing throughout the years by not only achieving the highest examination scores within his department on his promotional examinations, but he further distinguished himself in achieving the highest examination scores throughout the State of New Jersey for each of his promotional examinations. Furthermore, Dr. Paprota has conducted focused job-task-analyses as well as authored and administered promotional examination processes for multiple, non-civil service, municipal police departments. Assessment of law enforcement personnel through written and oral testing has been a passion of Dr. Paprota’s for over 25 years.

From 2000 through 2012, Dr. Paprota served as the vice-president and co-owner of the largest and most successful law enforcement training company in the State of New Jersey. With over 25 years of training experience and after training over 17,000 candidates, as of 2013, Dr. Paprota is focusing exclusively on entry-level law enforcement training with the formation of Critical Concepts & Strategies (CCS Test Prep®). In August of 2016, Dr. Paprota formally retired from law enforcement to focus on the continuing research and development necessary to maintain the top entry-level preparation program possible. Candidates who do their research will find that CCS Test Prep® is by far the best entry-level law enforcement training program available.

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